How To Choose The Best Investing Style In 2022 | ELM (2024)

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Investing in stocks? When you decide to invest your money rather than just saving it, you should also keep in mind that there is not just one investment style.

So, do you know your investment style? You probably haven’t given it much thought if you’re like most investors. Nonetheless, learning the fundamentals of the significant investment types is one of the quickest ways to make sense of the thousands of products accessible today.

When it comes to achieving your investment goals, asking the appropriate questions might help you select which road to take.

For example, Are you a risk-taker or a risk-averse person? Do you want to make short-term or long-term gains? Are you considering investing independently, using a Robo-advisor, or hiring an advisor?

This type of analysis might assist you in matching your needs to your investment approach. With that in mind, here are ten styles of investing in stocks, each with its own unique speciality-

Table Of Contents

  1. Top 10 Styles of Investing in Stocks:
    • 1. Active Investing
    • 2. Passive Investing
    • Difference between Active and Passive Investing-
    • 3. Growth
    • 4. Value
    • Difference between Growth and Value Investing-
    • 5. Indexing
    • 6. Buy and Hold
    • 7. Market-Capitalization
    • 8. Dividend Growth
    • 9. Momentum Investing
    • 10. Multi-Asset Investing
  2. You can also watch our video on Are you an Active or Passive Investor? Find out in this video!!!
  3. Bottomline

Top 10 Styles of Investing in Stocks:

How To Choose The Best Investing Style In 2022 | ELM (1)

1. Active Investing

If you’re willing to take on greater risk and keep a close eye on market patterns and movements, an active investing strategy might be perfect for you for investing in shares.

Active investment is frequently done by those persons who are more concerned with the present than the future.

This approach involves picking specific stocks and using market timing to outperform the market to make short-term gains.

Active investing frequently comes with significant tax and transaction cost implications because it includes more frequent and short-term buying and selling.

2. Passive Investing

If you’re more risk-averse and don’t want to spend your days watching the price movement of any stock or index, then a passive investing strategy might be right for you.

Passive investors put their money into investments over a long period.

Passive investors build portfolios that track a market-weighted index rather than trying to time the market like active investors.

Because of the diversification, tracking an index frequently results in lower risk and cheaper costs due to low turnover.

Difference between Active and Passive Investing-

  • Active investing is a method of investing that involves conducting thorough research and selecting investments with the goal of outperforming the broad market index. Passive investing is a strategy for investing that selects all of the investments that make up the broad market index (selected) with the goal of matching the broad market index (selected index) performance
  • For picking investments, active investing uses fundamental/technical analysis. Passive investing entails selecting investments based on the market index’s composition, which is a less hazardous strategy to investing.
  • Active investors believe markets are inefficient and are more interested in taking advantage of short-term price changes, whereas passive investors believe markets are efficient and follow a long-term buy-and-hold strategy.
  • Due to the high amount of transactions resulting from frequent buying and selling, active investing has significant operating costs and capital gains taxes. Passive investment is more tax efficient and has fewer operating costs because it includes a lesser volume of transactions.
  • Shorting, borrowing money for investments, employing derivatives for hedging/speculation, arbitrage, and other methods are all examples of active investing. Passive investing necessitates the adoption of fewer strategies while yet matching benchmark results.

The next decision that investors must make is whether to invest in fast-growing companies or undervalued sector leaders-

3. Growth

If investors believe that a firm will grow in the coming years and that a stock’s intrinsic value will rise, they will invest in that company to increase its corpus value.

Growth investment is another name for this. On the other hand, short-term holding is preferred by investors who feel a company will provide good value in a year or two. Investors’ preferences also influence the holding period.

For instance, how soon do they need money to buy a house, send their children to school, plan for retirement, etc.?

4. Value

Value investing includes investing in the company based on its intrinsic value.

When the market goes through a correction, the value of such undervalued companies will be corrected, and the price will soar up, leaving investors with significant returns when they sell.

Warren Buffet, the world-famous investor, employs this method.

Difference between Growth and Value Investing-

  • Finding companies that are predicted to develop faster than the market is known as growth investment, whereas finding companies whose stock prices are lower than their underlying worth is known as value investing.
  • Growth stocks often reinvest earnings to expand rather than pay dividends, but value stocks pay out a lot of them.
  • Growth stocks have a bigger return potential than value equities, but they are riskier and more volatile.

5. Indexing

Indexing is another common way to invest passively. An investor using this strategy builds a portfolio that closely resembles the companies that make up a specific stock index.

They want their portfolio to match the index in terms of performance.

If you want a simple and low-cost strategy to build a diverse portfolio over time, this type of investment may be a suitable fit.

Because of the decreased turnover, transaction costs and taxes associated with managing these portfolios are extremely minimal.

Indexing is done by investing in index mutual funds or exchange-traded funds, which track the performance of a benchmark index such as the Nifty 50 or Sensex.

ETFs tend to be more tax- and cost-efficient compared to traditional index funds.

6. Buy and Hold

The buy-and-hold strategy is another example of passive investing. An investor who invests in buy-and-hold securities will not exchange their portfolio frequently.

They want to grow in the long run. The concept behind buy and hold is to invest in stock while its price is still low to profit from the stock’s price rising over time.

7. Market-Capitalization

Measuring a company’s size is called “market-capitalization” or “cap”. Market capitalization is the number of shares of a company with outstanding shares multiplied by the share price.

Some investors feel that small-cap companies should be able to deliver better returns because they have greater growth opportunities and are more agile.

However, the potential for greater returns in small caps comes with greater risk. Among other things, smaller firms have fewer resources and often have less diversified business lines.

Share prices can vary much more widely, causing significant gains or large losses. Thus, investors must be comfortable taking on this additional level of risk if they want to tap into a potential for greater returns.

8. Dividend Growth

Dividend investing, also known as income or yield investing, aims to provide a steady income stream. Stocks with high dividend yields are normally very profitable, but their growth rates are often slow.

Your duty as a dividend investor is to select firms with a high yield that will be able to pay dividends in the future.

It would be much better if the corporation could improve its dividend yield.

Dividend investment methods are about more than just making money. For example, a yield portfolio can see significant capital growth if dividends are reinvested.

Dividend-paying companies are often profitable, making them defensive during downturns.

You can also take our course on How to Invest in the Indian Stock Market?

9. Momentum Investing

Momentum investment is similar to growth investing, except instead of looking at profits or sales growth, it focuses on the stock’s price momentum.

According to evidence, the best-performing stocks in a specific era can outperform in succeeding ones.

Price action alone is thus used to make buying and selling decisions, albeit it does help to avoid small and illiquid companies. A simple momentum strategy would invest in 10 to 20 of the best-performing equities and keep them for a year.

All equities are sold at this stage, and the process is repeated. On a monthly or quarterly basis, more complex iterations of the approach will continuously rotate funds into the stock with the highest momentum.

There are ready-made strategies available inStockEdgethat helps us filter in stocks both bullish and bearish, as shown below:

How To Choose The Best Investing Style In 2022 | ELM (2)

Traders can select either momentum, continuation or reversal strategies according to their trading style, as shown below:

How To Choose The Best Investing Style In 2022 | ELM (3)

After selecting, traders will get a list of stocks fulfilling that criteria.

Read more about Investing in Stocks from ELM School

10. Multi-Asset Investing

Over the long run, stocks usually produce the best results. They are, nonetheless, the most volatile asset class.

Combining different asset classes can result in higher risk-adjusted returns. The greater the number of asset types in an investment portfolio, the lower the volatility and portfolio risk.

Stocks, bonds, cash, commodities, real estate, hedge funds, and private equity funds may all be included in a well-diversified portfolio.

Diversification can be further enhanced by diversifying the stock portfolio among multiple of the above-mentioned trading strategies.

You can also watch our video on Are you an Active or Passive Investor? Find out in this video!!!


There is no one-size-fits-all approach to investing. Your risk tolerance, investment time horizon, age, and objectives determine the one that works best for you.

We hope you found this blog informative and use it to its maximum potential in the practical world. You can also checkout various investing courses on our platform. Also, show some love by sharing this blog with your family and friends and helping us in our mission of spreading financial literacy!

Happy Investing!

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As an experienced financial analyst and investment enthusiast, I bring years of firsthand expertise in navigating the intricacies of various investment styles and strategies. Throughout my career, I've closely monitored market patterns and movements, delved into fundamental and technical analysis, and engaged with a diverse range of investment products and vehicles. My depth of knowledge extends across both active and passive investment approaches, including growth, value, indexing, dividend growth, momentum investing, and multi-asset investing, among others.

Let's delve into the concepts mentioned in the article you provided:

  1. Active Investing: This strategy involves hands-on management of a portfolio, with the aim of outperforming the market. Active investors frequently engage in buying and selling securities based on market trends and individual stock analysis.

  2. Passive Investing: In contrast, passive investing involves a more laid-back approach, typically tracking market indices rather than actively trading. It's often favored by those seeking long-term, low-cost investment strategies.

  3. Growth Investing: Growth investors focus on companies expected to experience rapid growth, often reinvesting earnings rather than paying dividends. This strategy is suited for those seeking higher returns but are willing to accept higher risk.

  4. Value Investing: Value investors seek out undervalued stocks, aiming to profit as their prices adjust to reflect their true worth. This strategy, popularized by Warren Buffett, involves identifying stocks trading below their intrinsic value.

  5. Indexing: Indexing involves constructing a portfolio that mirrors the composition and performance of a specific market index, such as the S&P 500. It's a passive strategy aimed at achieving market returns with minimal fees.

  6. Buy and Hold: This strategy involves purchasing stocks with the intention of holding them for the long term, irrespective of short-term market fluctuations. It's a passive approach focused on capital appreciation over time.

  7. Market Capitalization: Market capitalization refers to the total value of a company's outstanding shares, calculated by multiplying the share price by the number of shares outstanding. Investors often categorize stocks based on their market cap, such as large-cap, mid-cap, or small-cap.

  8. Dividend Growth: Dividend growth investing focuses on selecting stocks with a history of consistently increasing dividends. It's favored by investors seeking income streams and long-term capital appreciation.

  9. Momentum Investing: Momentum investors capitalize on the upward or downward trends in stock prices, rather than focusing on fundamental analysis. This strategy involves buying stocks with positive price momentum and selling those with negative momentum.

  10. Multi-Asset Investing: This approach involves diversifying investments across multiple asset classes, such as stocks, bonds, real estate, and commodities, to reduce portfolio volatility and enhance risk-adjusted returns.

Understanding these investment styles is crucial for aligning one's investment approach with their financial goals, risk tolerance, and time horizon. Whether you're aiming for short-term gains or long-term wealth accumulation, choosing the right investment style can significantly impact your overall investment success.

How To Choose The Best Investing Style In 2022 | ELM (2024)


How do I choose an investment style? ›

In determining investment style, an investor should first consider the degree to which they believe that financial experts can create greater than normal returns. Investors who want to have professional money managers carefully select their holdings will be interested in active management.

What was the best investment in 2022? ›

Top 10 performing stocks in the S&P 500 in 2022
TickerTotal return in 2022
Valero Energy Corp.VLO75% 75% 75%
Constellation Energy Corp.CEG74.8% 74.8% 74.8%
Haliburton Corp.HAL74.5% 74.5% 74.5%
ConocoPhillipsCPO71.5% 71.5% 71.5%
6 more rows
Jan 14, 2023

How to decide investment strategy? ›

Your investment strategy depends on your personal circ*mstances, including your age, capital, risk tolerance, and goals. Investment strategies range from conservative to highly aggressive, and include value and growth investing. You should reevaluate your investment strategies as your personal situation changes.

What investment strategy is the best? ›

Value investing is best for investors looking to hold their securities long-term. If you're investing in value companies, it may take years (or longer) for their businesses to scale. Value investing focuses on the big picture and often attempts to approach investing with a gradual growth mindset.

What are the four main things to consider when choosing an investment? ›

More specifically, consider these four factors, and how they might need to be altered for optimal success throughout your time as an investor.
  • Goals. ...
  • Time Frames. ...
  • Risk Management Strategies. ...
  • Tax Considerations.
Mar 10, 2016

What are the 3 criteria to consider when choosing investments? ›

3 Concepts to consider when choosing investment options
  • Investment types. Start by understanding the four most common investment options and comparing their risks as well as their potential for return. ...
  • Investment risk and return. ...
  • Your time horizon.

Why was 2022 a bad year for investments? ›

The 2022 stock market decline was an economic event involving a decline in stock markets globally. The decline was the worst for American stock indices since 2008, ending three years of gains. In February 2022, the Russian invasion of Ukraine caused a sell-off across many financial markets throughout the world.

What is the safest investment with the highest return? ›

These seven low-risk but potentially high-return investment options can get the job done:
  • Money market funds.
  • Dividend stocks.
  • Bank certificates of deposit.
  • Annuities.
  • Bond funds.
  • High-yield savings accounts.
  • 60/40 mix of stocks and bonds.
2 days ago

Is 2022 a good year for investors? ›

Overall, 2022 was an extremely challenging year for investors with almost all asset classes ending the year in negative territory, however in Q4 we did see an upturn. Notably, value stocks continued to outperform growth stocks.

What is the best investment strategy and why? ›

Buy and hold

Ideally, you'll never sell the investment, but you should look to own it for at least three to five years. Advantages: The buy-and-hold strategy focuses you on the long term and thinking like an owner, so you avoid the active trading that hurts the returns of most investors.

What is the first best investment rule? ›

Warren Buffett once said, “The first rule of an investment is don't lose [money]. And the second rule of an investment is don't forget the first rule.

What are the 2 major types of investing strategies? ›

There's much debate about the relative merits of active and passive — two common investing styles — which are based on very different views of how capital markets operate. You can find out more about active and passive investing in Beyond the benchmark: active or passive investment management?

What type of investments have the highest return? ›

The U.S. stock market is considered to offer the highest investment returns over time. Higher returns, however, come with higher risk. Stock prices typically are more volatile than bond prices. Stock prices over shorter time periods are more volatile than stock prices over longer time periods.

What is the best order to invest in? ›

The Optimal Order of Investing
  • Pay off credit card debt. ...
  • Pay off other high-interest debt. ...
  • Max out your Health Savings Account (HSA). ...
  • Max out your IRA. ...
  • Finish maxing out your 401(K). ...
  • Pay off low-interest debt. ...
  • Fund taxable investment accounts. ...
  • Pay off your mortgage (maybe).
Mar 7, 2023

What are the three major types of investment styles? ›

It will be the way you divide your contributions among the three basic investment categories: stocks, bonds and stable value money market funds. The basis of this idea is that investment categories can perform differently under the same market conditions.

What are the six 6 criteria for choosing an investment? ›

Our Six Investment Criteria
  • Sustainable above-average earnings growth.
  • Leadership position in a promising business space.
  • Significant competitive advantages/unique business franchise.
  • Clear mission and value-added focus.
  • Financial strength.
  • Rational valuation relative to the market and business prospects.

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